There are specific health tests for each breed.
Dobermans are generally tested for:
Hip Dysplasia - This is generally an inherited trait but can also develop during the growth stage of a puppy from over exercising and being fed a high protein diet. Large breed puppies such as European Dobes should be fed a large breed puppy chow with a lower protein content for their first year of life. Also don't let them over exercise.
vWD (Von Willie Brands Disease) - This is a blood clotting disorder inwhich almost ALL Dobermans are affected by. Only a small percentage of dobermans are tested Clear of this dreadful disease. Only Clears and Carriers should be bred. Affected animals should be spayed/neutered and breeding Carrier to Carrier should be avoided.
Hypothyroidsim - This is when the Thyroid gland is not producing enough hormone adequately maintain the dog's metabolism. Weight gain, poor coat and irritablilty are symtoms of this disease.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) - This disease of the heart can result in sudden death of relatively young dogs. Early in the disease, there are often no clinical symptoms, but the weakened pumping capacity of the heart can eventually lead to congestive heart failure. In some breeds, notably Doberman Pinschers, the disease is often an inherited one. There is a new DNA test available for this at vetgen.
Progressive retinal atophy (PRA) - Is an inherited condition in Dobermans. Clinically, visual acuity is diminished,
first at dusk, later in daylight. The disease progresses over months and years, to complete blindness. A screening test is available and can be performed by a veterinary ophthalmologist.
Cervical Vertebral instability (CVI) - This condition is also known as "Wobbler's Syndrome". It is suspected to be an inherited condition in Dobermans. Dogs (usually in mid-life) suffer from spinal cord compression caused by cervical vertebral instability or from a malformed spinal canal. There are no health tests for this disease yet available.
Siberian Husies are generally tested for:
Elbow Dysplasia can also be tested for, though is less common.